Bisel Logo Pennsylvania Vehicle Code Annotated

CONVENIENT ONE VOLUME REFERENCE * FULL TEXT OF CODE * CODE COMMENTARY * INDEX
8th Edition

AUTHORS: ARTHUR S. ZANAN and BRANDON H. ZANAN

Published: June, 2013 (8th Edition)
(Previous Editions: 1978 by Milford J. Meyer, 1994-2nd Ed.,
1997-3rd Ed., 2001-4th Ed. , 2003-5th Ed., 2006-6th Ed., 2009-7th Ed.)
Most recent supplement/update: Fall 2014 supplement; Released Oct 2014; $103.25
(Current Subscriber's Price: $82.50)
Library of Congress Number: 94-72323
ISBN: 1-887024-07-7

1 VOLUME, LOOSE-LEAF, PRICE: $232.50

History
The Pennsylvania Motor Vehicle Code contains the various laws controlling the licensing and operation of motor vehicles in this Commonwealth. Legislation for the control of vehicles and vehicular traffic in the Commonwealth was first adopted in 1903, although local ordinances in Philadelphia and its suburbs predated the first Code by a year. New Codes were adopted in 1905, 1909, 1913, 1919, 1927, 1929 and 1959, each resulting from an attempt to consolidate piece-meal amendments to the prior one. The Vehicle Code of 1959 covered approximately 1122 pages and more than 1503 sections in Purdon's Pennsylvania Statutes. The most recent revision and codification of these laws was adopted in 1976.

Major Changes
The 1976 Motor Vehicle Code includes the "Rules of the Road" as well as various other provisions, some of which specifically regulate vehicle operation, licensing, enforcement, and financial responsibility.

The Rules of the Road have been modernized. Detailed provision control pedestrians and bicycles (pedalcycles). Turns are permitted on red lights. The "Keep-to-the-Right" rule is modified and passing on the right is permitted. The right-of-way at intersections is strengthened. The "stop-look-and-listen" rule is changed. Speed limits are modernized and slow-moving vehicles are strictly controlled. Provision as to hand signals and school buses are clarified.

Most violations of the Code are made summary offenses but serious crimes are severely punished and new crimes of homicide by vehicle, homicide by vehicle while driving under the influence, and aggravated assault by vehicle while driving under the influence are created. Provisions are also made for probationary and occupational limited licenses for persons whose operating privileges have been recalled, suspended or revoked. In December, 1996, the Commonwealth enacted the Driver's License Compact, and thereby joined the other jurisdictions that have enacted similar legislation.

The Provisions of the Vehicle Code are to be applied uniformly throughout the Commonwealth and in all political subdivisions, and no local authority has the power to enact or enforce any ordinance on a matter covered by the Vehicle Code unless expressly authorized.

Procedures under the Code are modernized. They are tied to the Rules of Criminal Procedure and the provision for arrest without warrant in drunken driving cases is extended. Judicial review is provided in the county of residence or, in the case of a non-resident, in the county in which the offense took place.

Regulations
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) is charged with the duty of administering the provisions of the Vehicle Code. PennDOT also has the power to revoke vehicle registration for failure to comply with the vehicle laws of this Commonwealth. Under the Vehicle Code, the Department of Transportation is also specifically directed to suspend or revoke the operating privilege of persons who fail to respond to a citation or summons for moving violations of the provisions of the Motor Vehicle Code, for an accumulation of points which are assessed for convictions of violations of the Motor Vehicle Code, or for habitual violators of the provisions of the Vehicle Code. Some violations of the Vehicle Code are deemed to be so serious that a conviction for such offense results in an immediate suspension or revocation of a person's operating privileges. PennDOT is also authorized to cancel any person's driver's license under certain circumstances.

The rules and regulations promulgated by PennDOT, pursuant to the authority granted by the Vehicle Code, are contained in Title 67 of the Pennsylvania Code. Throughout the text of the book, references are made to the Pennsylvania Code where appropriate. The Pennsylvania Code is an official publication of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and contains the regulations and other documents filed with the Legislative Reference Bureau under the Act of July 31, 1968 (P.L. 769, No. 240) (45 P.S. §§ 1102, 1201-1208 and 1602) and 45 Pa.C.S. Chapters 5, 7, and 9, known as the Commonwealth Document Law (CDL).

Conclusion
This Sixth Edition continues to serve the trial lawyer as a readily available reference work in the courtroom. Completely revised, this reference includes all Pennsylvania Vehicle Code Statutes, relevant case law and cross references, organized by Code section. This work attempts to treat the Code in broad perspective and its individual sections with particularity. It is published in loose-leaf format so that amendments, which will certainly be forthcoming and may be numerous, may be regularly added. The author intends to liberally supplement this Edition in an effort to expand its usefulness even further. It is the author's hope that it will provide an acceptable working tool for all who deal with the Vehicle Code.

This edition is amended through Act 2013-1, and 56 A.3d.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgments
Preface
THE VEHICLE CODE

PART 1: PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS
Chapter   Section
1. General Provisions 101

PART II: TITLE, REGISTRATION AND LICENSING
11. Certificate of Title and Security Interests 1101
    A. Certificate of Title 1101
    B. Security Interests 1131
    C. Electronic Lien Program 1151
    D. Salvage Vehicles, Theft Vehicles, Reconstructed Vehicles and Flood Vehicles 1161

13.
Registration of Vehicles 1301
    A. General Provisions 1301
    B. Registration Plates 1331
    C. Violations and Suspensions 1371

15.
Licensing of Drivers 1501
    A. General Provisions 1501
    B. Comprehensive System for Driver Education and Control 1531
    C. Violations 1571
    D. Driver's License Compact 1581

16.
Commercial Drivers 1601

17.
Financial Responsibility 1701
    A. General Provisions 1701
    B. Motor Vehicle Liability Insurance First Party Benefits 1711
    C. Uninsured and Underinsured Motorist Coverage 1731
    D. Assigned Risk Plan 1741
    E. Assigned Claims Plan 1751
    F. Catastrophic Loss Trust Fund (Repealed) 1761
    G. Nonpayment of Judgments 1771
    H. Proof of Financial Responsibility 1781
    I. Miscellaneous Provisions 1791

18.
Motor Vehicle Insurance Fraud 1801
    A. General Provisions 1801
    B. Antifraud Plans 1811
    C. Comprehensive Data Base System 1821

19.
Fees 1901
    A. General Provisions 1901
    B. Registration Fees 1911
    C. Permits 1941
    D. Miscellaneous Fees 1951

20.
Motor Vehicle Insurance Rate Review Procedures 2001

21.
Motor Carriers Road Tax Identification Markers 2101

23.
Motor Vehicle Transaction Recovery Fund 2301

PART III. OPERATION OF VEHICLES
31. General Provisions 3101
    A. Obedience to and Effect of Traffic Laws 3101
    B. Traffic-control Devices 3111

33.
Rules of the Road in General 3301
    A. General Provisions 3301
    B. Right-of-Way 3321
    C. Turning, Starting and Signals 3331
    D. Special Stops Required 3341
    E. Stopping, Standing and Parking 3351
    F. Speed Restrictions 3361

35.
Special Vehicles and Pedestrians 3501
    A. Operation of Pedalcycles 3501
    B. Special Rules for Motorcycles 3521
    C. Rights and Duties of Pedestrians 3541
    D. Pedalcycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committees 3571
    E. Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Devices 3581

37.
Miscellaneous Provisions 3701
    A. Offenses in General 3701
    B. Serious Traffic Offenses 3731
    C. Accidents and Accident Reports 3741

38.
Driving After Imbibing Alcohol or Utilizing Drugs 3801

PART IV. VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS
41. Equipment Standards 4101

43.
Lighting Equipment 4301

45.
Other Required Equipment 4501
    A. Brake Equipment 4501
    B. Safety and Anti-pollution Equipment 4521
    C. Vehicles for Transportation of School Children 4551
    D. Equipment of Authorized and Emergency Vehicles 4571
    E. Child Passenger Protection 4581

47.
Inspection of Vehicles 4701
    A. Inspection Requirements 4701
    B. Official Inspection Stations 4721

49.
Size, Weight and Load 4901
    A. General Provisions 4901
    B. Width, Height and Length 4921
    C. Maximum Weights of Vehicles 4941
    D. Special Permits for Excessive Size and Weight 4961
    E. Measuring and Adjusting Vehicle Size and Weight 4981

PART V. ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
61. Powers of Department and Local Authorities 6101
    A. General Provisions 6101
    B. Traffic-control Devices 6121
    C. Reciprocity 6141

63.
Enforcement 6301
    A. General Provisions 6301
    B. Records of Traffic Cases 6321
    C. Evidentiary Matters (Repealed) 6341

65.
Penalties and Disposition of Fines 6501

67.
Services of Process and Nonresidents (Repealed) 6701

PART VI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
71. Vehicle Theft and Related Provisions 7101
    A. Identification Number 7101
    B. Stolen Vehicles 7111
    C. Misuse of Documents and Plates 7121
    D. Tampering with Odometers 7131

72.
Alternative Fuels [Repealed, November 29, 2004] 7201

73.
Abandoned Vehicles and Cargos 7301
    A. Abandoned Vehicles and Salvors 7301
    B. Watercraft Trailer Forfeiture 7321

75.
Messenger Service 7501

77.
Snowmobiles and All-Terrain Vehicles 7701
    A. General Provisions 7701
    B. Certificates of Title and Registration 7711
    C. Operation 7721
    D. Equipment 7741
    E. Miscellaneous Provisions 7751

78.
Motor Carrier Safety 7801

79.
Motorcycles 7901
    A. General Provisions 7901
    B. Motorcycle Safety Education 7911

81.
Interstate Compacts and Agreements 8101
    A. Bus Taxation Proration Agreement (Repealed) 8101
    B. Vehicle Equipment Safety Compact (Repealed) 8111

83.
Hazardous Materials Transportation 8301

89.
Pennsylvania Turnpike 8901
    A. Preliminary Provisions 8901
    B. Turnpike Extension and Improvements 8911

90.
Liquid Fuels and Fuels tax 9001

91.
State Highway Maintenance 9101

92.
Transfer of State Highways 9201

93.
Supplemental Funding for Municipal Highway Maintenance 9301

94.
Liquid Fuels and Fuel Use Tax Enforcement 9401

95.
Taxes for Highway Maintenance and Construction 9501

96.
Motor Carriers Road Tax 9601

97.
Department of Transportation Productivity 9701

98.
Motorbus Road Tax 9801

99.
Axle Tax for Highway Bridge Improvement (Repealed) 9901

APPENDICES
Table of Cases
Index

Bisel Logo